So I did a comparative of Pyevolve GP/GA core in different Python interpreters. I’ve used my Pentium Core 2 Duo (E4500 @ 2.20GHz, 1GB RAM), using Ubuntu 9.04 and Windows XP SP3 just for IronPython 2.6.1 (IronPython doesn’t run with Mono, so I used the win xp with .net 2.0).

The interpreters used were:

Unladen Swallow 2009Q2

I tried using 2009Q3 (the currently main trunk), but I think it’s unstable yet, cause it was more slow than 2009Q2, so I used 2009Q2; I compiled it with GCC 4.3.3 just using the default configure parameters (./configure).

CPython 2.6.2

I used the default CPython package of Ubuntu 9.04.

CPython 2.5.4

I used the default CPython package of Ubuntu 9.04 too, the python2.5 package.

PyPy 1.1.0 (svn:r68612)

I used the last svn version of the repository, the release 68612. My Pentium Core 2 Duo had only 1GB of RAM, and the PyPy translation process eats more RAM than Java (sorry for the joke), so I used a notebook with 3GB of RAM to create the pypy-c, what took 1 hour (I used –opt=3) and a beautiful ascii Mandelbrot fractal !

Jython 2.5.1

I used the default installer from the Jython project site. I used the Sun JRE 1.6.0_16.

IronPython 2.6.10920.0

I’ve used the 2.6 RC1 available at IronPython project site with MS .NET 2.0.

To test the GA core I’ve used this source-code (a simple sphere function):

?View Code PYTHON
from pyevolve import G1DList
from pyevolve import Mutators, Initializators
from pyevolve import GSimpleGA, Consts
 
# This is the Sphere Function
def sphere(xlist):
   total = 0
   for i in xlist:
      total += i**2
   return total
 
def run_main():
   genome = G1DList.G1DList(140)
   genome.setParams(rangemin=-5.12, rangemax=5.13)
   genome.initializator.set(Initializators.G1DListInitializatorReal)
   genome.mutator.set(Mutators.G1DListMutatorRealGaussian)
   genome.evaluator.set(sphere)
 
   ga = GSimpleGA.GSimpleGA(genome, seed=666)
   ga.setMinimax(Consts.minimaxType["minimize"])
   ga.setGenerations(1500)
   ga.setMutationRate(0.01)
   ga.evolve(freq_stats=500)
 
   best = ga.bestIndividual()
 
if __name__ == "__main__":
   run_main()

And to test the GP core, I’ve used this source-code (a simple symbolic regression):

?View Code PYTHON
from pyevolve import GTree
from pyevolve import Mutators
from pyevolve import GSimpleGA, Consts, Util
import math
 
rmse_accum = Util.ErrorAccumulator()
 
def gp_add(a, b): return a+b
def gp_sub(a, b): return a-b
def gp_mul(a, b): return a*b
def gp_sqrt(a):   return math.sqrt(abs(a))
 
def eval_func(chromosome):
   global rmse_accum
   rmse_accum.reset()
   code_comp = chromosome.getCompiledCode()
 
   for a in xrange(0, 10):
      for b in xrange(0, 10):
         evaluated     = eval(code_comp)
         target        = math.sqrt((a*a)+(b*b))
         rmse_accum   += (target, evaluated)
   return rmse_accum.getRMSE()
 
def main_run():
   genome = GTree.GTreeGP()
   genome.setParams(max_depth=4, method="ramped")
   genome.evaluator += eval_func
   genome.mutator.set(Mutators.GTreeGPMutatorSubtree)
 
   ga = GSimpleGA.GSimpleGA(genome, seed=666)
   ga.setParams(gp_terminals       = ['a', 'b'],
                gp_function_prefix = "gp")
 
   ga.setMinimax(Consts.minimaxType["minimize"])
   ga.setGenerations(40)
   ga.setCrossoverRate(1.0)
   ga.setMutationRate(0.08)
   ga.setPopulationSize(800)
 
   ga(freq_stats=10)
   best = ga.bestIndividual()
 
if __name__ == "__main__":
   main_run()

UPDATE 19/08: the x-axis is measured in “seconds“, and the y-axis is the python flavor;

The results are are described in the graph below:

pyevolve_pyvmsAs we can see, Unladen Swallow 2009Q2 did a little better performance than CPython 2.6.2, but Jython and PyPy (experimental) were left behind in that scenario, even behind IronPython 2.6.1.

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